Fritz Scholder (1937-2005)
Fritz Scholder was born in Breckenridge, Minnesota in 1937. His grandmother was Luiseño, a California Mission tribe. Scholder himself was not raised in a Native tradition, but would go on to become a well-known painter of Native life. Utilizing pop art, abstract expressionism, and surrealism, his unromanticized depictions of Native experiences were both mold-breaking and controversial.
Determined to become a painter from a young age, Scholder began his training as an artist during high school in South Dakota, where he studied with Sioux artist Oscar Howe. In 1957 he moved with his family to California where he enrolled at Sacramento College and studied with Wayne Theibaud. He soon began showing work throughout the region, receiving a solo exhibition at the Crocker Art Museum and exhibiting at the Palace of Legion of Honor.
In 1960 Scholder received a full scholarship from the Rockefeller Foundation to attend the University of Arizona, Tucson, where he earned a Master of Fine Arts degree. After completion of the program he moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico to teach at the Institute of American Indian Arts. After five years he resigned to pursue painting full-time. Over the course of his career he accrued many honors, such as grants from the Ford, Rockefeller and Whitney foundations and residencies at Dartmouth College and the Oklahoma Summer Arts Institute.
Over a dozen books and two documentaries have been published on Scholder's work. In 2008, the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian organized a dual-city retrospective of Scholder's career in New York City and Washington D.C. Scholder died in 2005 in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Fritz Scholder at 203 Fine Art
Schools of Study
Wisconsin State University, WI
Sacramento State University, Sacramento, CA
University of Arizona Tucson, Tucson, AZ
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KA
Partial List of Collections
National Gallery, Washington D.C.
National Museum of American Art, Washington D.C.
Museum of Modern Art, N.Y.
Hirschhorn Museum of Fine Arts, Washington D.C.
Boston Fine Arts Museum, Boston, MA
Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.
Dartmouth College, Residency
Oklahoma Summer Arts Institute, Residency
American Academy of Arts and Letters, Grant
American University, Residency
Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts, Residency
Oklahoma Arts Institute, Residency
Santa Fe institute of Fine Arts, Residency
Dartmouth College, Residency
Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA
The Palace of Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. 1972
Basel V International Art Fair, Switzerland 1974
Heard Museum, Phoenix, AZ 1978
Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, AZ 1981
Grand Palais, Paris, 1984
Scottsdale Center for the Arts, Scottsdale, AZ 1995
Smithsonian Institution National Museum of the American Indian, Washington D.C. & New York City, 2008